7. Further reading

Further reading (by section by language)
* English
* Czech
* Nederlands
Further reading (by language in alphabetical order)
.

Further reading by language

.

English

General

  • Déborah Temple, Thea van Niekerk, Claire Weeks, Xavier Manteca, 2017. Guidelines end of lay. Hennovation (24 pp).

What is end of lay?

  • Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2005 of 22 December 2004 on the protection of animals during transport and related operations and amending Directives 64/432/EEC and 93/119/EC and Regulation (EC) No 1255/97.
  • Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 laying down specific hygiene rules for food of animal origin.

Signs

Mechanism

Mortality

Pain

  • Sandilands, V., Sparks, N., Wilson, S. and Nevison, I. (2005) Laying hens at depopulation: the impact of the production system on bird welfare. British Poultry Abstracts, 1, 23-24.

Climatic stress

  • Hunter, R.R., Mitchell, M.A. and Matheu, C. (1997) Distribution of ‘dead on arrivals’ within the bio-load on commercial broiler transporters: correlation with climatic conditions and ventilation regimen. British Poultry Science 38, S7-S9.
  • Kettlewell, P., Mitchell, M. and Meehan, A. (1993) The distribution of thermal loads within poultry transport vehicles. Agricultural Engineer 48, 26-30.
  • Richards, G.J., Wilkins, L.J., Weeks, C.A., Knowles, T.G. and Brown, S.N. (2012) Evaluation of the microclimate in poultry transport module drawers during the marketing process of end of lay hens from farm to slaughter. Veterinary Record, in press

Fear

  • Kolb, E. and Seehawer, J. (2001) Significance and application of ascorbic acid in poultry. Archiv fur Gerflugelkunde, 65, 106-113.

Risk factors

On-farm management: Catching methods

  • Knowles, T.G. and Broom, B.M. (1993) Effect of catching method on the concentration of plasma corticosterone in end-of-lay battery hens. Veterinary Record 133, 527-528.

Transport (general)

Transport: Number of birds/crate

Transport: Vibrations

  • Kettlewell, P., Mitchell, M. and Meehan, A. (1993) The distribution of thermal loads within poultry transport vehicles. Agricultural Engineer 48, 26-30.
  • Richards, G.J., Wilkins, L.J., Weeks, C.A., Knowles, T.G. and Brown, S.N. (2012) Evaluation of the microclimate in poultry transport module drawers during the marketing process of end of lay hens from farm to slaughter. Veterinary Record, in press

Transport: Facilities

  • Newberry R.C., Webster A.B., Lewis N.J. and Van Arnam C. (1999) Management of spent hens. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 2, 13–29.
  • Richards, G.J., Wilkins, L.J., Weeks, C.A., Knowles, T.G. and Brown, S.N. (2012) Evaluation of the microclimate in poultry transport module drawers during the marketing process of end of lay hens from farm to slaughter. Veterinary Record, in press

Transport: Climate during transport

At the slaughter plant: Post transport handling and environment

  • Lines, J.A., Jones, T.A., Berry, P.S., Spence, J., and Schofield, C.R. (2011) Evaluation of breast support conveyor to improve poultry welfare on the shackle line, Veterinary Record, 168:129.

At the slaughter plant: Shackling and stunning

Treatment

Importance

  • Watt Executive Guide to World Poultry Trends (2011) www.wattagnet.net (accessed Aug 2012)

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Czech

Mechanism

Mortality

  • Voslarova, E., Janackova, B., Vecerek, V. and Malena, M. (2007) Počty uhynulých slepic a kohoutů při přepravě na porážku v letech 1997 až 2006 (Numbers of hens and roosters that died during transport to slaughter from 1997 to 2006). In Ochrana zvířat a welfare Conference Proceedings. Brno: VFU Brno, pp. 186-188.
  • Voslarova, E. and Vecerek, V. (2015) Vliv vzdálenosti a ročního období na úhyn brojlerů a nosnic při přepravě na porážku. (Impact of transport distance and season on mortality of broiler chickens and laying hens transported for slaughter). In Drůbež 2015 Conference Proceedings, Brno: VFU Brno, pp. 11. (abstract)

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Nederlands

.

Further reading (by language in alphabetical order)

English

  • Baker, C.J., Dalley, S., Yang, X., Kettlewell, P., and Hoxey, R. (1996) An investigation of the aerodynamic and ventilation characteristics of poultry transport vehicles. 2. Wind tunnel experiments. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research 65, 97-113.
  • Bayliss, P.A. and Hinton, M.H. (1990) Transportation of poultry with special reference to mortality rates. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 28, 93-118.
  • Broom, D.M. (2005) The effects of land transport on animal welfare. Revue Scientifique Et Technique-Office International Des Epizooties 24 (2), 683-691.
  • Burlinguette, N.A., M.L. Strawford, J.M. Watts, H.L. Classen, P.J. Shand and T.G. Crowe. (2012) Broiler trailer thermal conditions during cold climate transport. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 92, 109-122. doi:10.4141/cjas2011-027
  • Chauvin C., Hillion, S., Balaine, L., Michel, V., Peraste, J., Petetin, I., Lupo, C., Le Bouquin, S. (2011) Factors associated with mortality of broilers during transport to slaughterhouse. Animal, 5 , 2, 287-293. DOI: 10.1017/S1751731110001916
  • Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2005 of 22 December 2004 on the protection of animals during transport and related operations and amending Directives 64/432/EEC and 93/119/EC and Regulation (EC) No 1255/97.
  • EFSA (2011) Scientific opinion concerning the welfare of animals during transport. EFSA Journal, 9(1), 1966 [125 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2011.1966
  • Delezie, E., Swennen, Q., Buyse, J. and Decuypere, E. (2007) The effect of feed withdrawal and crating density in transit on metabolism and meat quality of broilers at slaughter weight. Poultry Science, 86, 1414-1423.
  • Filho, J.A.D.B., Vieira, F.M.C., Fonseca, B.H.F., Silva, I.J.O., Garcia, D.B., and Hildebrand, A. (2008) Poultry transport microclimate analysis through enthalpy comfort index (ECI): a seasonal assessment. Livestock Environment VIII, 639-643.
  • Hemsworth, P.H. (2003) Human-animal interactions in livestock production. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 81(3), 185-198.
  • Hoen, T and Lankhaar, J. (1999) Controlled atmosphere stunning of poultry. Poultry Science 78 (2), 287-289.
  • Hoxey, R.P., Kettlewell, P.J., Meehan, A.M., Baker, C.J. and Yang, X. (1996) An investigation of the aerodynamic and ventilation characteristics of poultry transport vehicles. I. Full-scale measurements. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research 65, 77-83.
  • Hunter, R.R., Mitchell, M.A. and Matheu, C. (1997) Distribution of ‘dead on arrivals’ within the bio-load on commercial broiler transporters: correlation with climatic conditions and ventilation regimen. British Poultry Science 38, S7-S9.
  • Jones, R.B. (1992) The nature of handling immediately prior to test affects tonic immobility fear reactions in laying hens and broilers. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 34, 247-254.
  • Kettlewell, P., Mitchell, M. and Meehan, A. (1993) The distribution of thermal loads within poultry transport vehicles. Agricultural Engineer 48, 26-30.
  • Kettlewell, P.J., Hoxey, R.P. and Mitchell, M.A. (2000) Heat produced by broiler chickens in a commercial transport vehicle. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 75, 315-326.
  • Knezacek, T.D., Olkowski, A.A., Kettlewell, P.J., Mitchel, M.A., and Classen, H.L. (2010) Temperature gradients in trailers and changes in broiler rectal and core body temperature during winter transportation in Saskatchewa, Canadian Journal of Animal Sciences, DO110.4141/CJAsopo83.
  • Knowles, T.G. and Broom, B.M. (1993) Effect of catching method on the concentration of plasma corticosterone in end-of-lay battery hens. Veterinary Record 133, 527-528.
  • Kolb, E. and Seehawer, J. (2001) Significance and application of ascorbic acid in poultry. Archiv fur Gerflugelkunde, 65, 106-113.
  • Lee, K.M. (2001) Design criteria for developing an automated live-bird transfer system. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, 17(4), 483-490.
  • Lines, J.A., Jones, T.A., Berry, P.S., Spence, J., and Schofield, C.R. (2011) Evaluation of breast support conveyor to improve poultry welfare on the shackle line, Veterinary Record, 168:129.
  • MacCaluim, J.M., Abeyesinghe, S.M., White, R.P. and Wathes, C.M. (2003) A continuous-choice assessment of the domestic fowl’s aversion to concurrent transport stressors. Animal Welfare, 12, 95-107.
  • Mitchell, M.A. and Kettlewell, P.J. (1998) Physiological stress and welfare of broiler chickens in transit: solutions, not problems! Poultry Science 77, 1803-1814.
  • Mitchell, M.A., Kettlewell, P.J. and Maxwell, M.H. (1992) Indicators of physiological stress in broiler chickens during road transportation. Animal Welfare 1, 92-103.
  • Newberry R.C., Webster A.B., Lewis N.J. and Van Arnam C. (1999) Management of spent hens. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 2, 13–29.
  • Petracci, M., Bianchi, M., Cavani. C., Gaspari, P. and Lavazza, A. (2006) Preslaughter mortality in broiler chickens, turkeys and spent hens under commercial slaughtering. Poultry Science,85, 1660-1664.
  • Raj, A.B.M., Wilkins, L.J., Richardson, R.I., Johnson, S.P. and Wotton, S.B. (1997) Carcase and meat quality in broilers either killed with a gas mixture or stunned with an electric current under commercial processing conditions. British Poultry Science 38, 169-174.
  • Randall, J.M., Duggan, J.A., Alami, M.A. and White, R.P. (1997) Frequency weightings for the aversion of broiler chickens to horizontal and vertical vibration. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 68, 387-397.
  • Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 laying down specific hygiene rules for food of animal origin.
  • Richards, G.J., Wilkins, L.J., Weeks, C.A., Knowles, T.G. and Brown, S.N. (2012) Evaluation of the microclimate in poultry transport module drawers during the marketing process of end of lay hens from farm to slaughter. Veterinary Record, in press
  • Ritz, C.W. Webster, A.B. and Czarick, M. (2005) Evaluation of hot weather and incidence of mortality associated with broiler live haul. Journal of Applied Poultry Reseach, 14(3), 594-602.
  • Sandilands, V., Sparks, N., Wilson, S. and Nevison, I. (2005) Laying hens at depopulation: the impact of the production system on bird welfare. British Poultry Abstracts, 1, 23-24.
  • Sparrey J.M., Kettlewell P.J. (1994) Shackling Of Poultry – Is It A Welfare Problem? Worlds’ Poultry Science Journal 50, 167-176.
  • Tinker, D., Berry, P., White, R., Prescott, N., Welch, S. and Lankhaar., J. (2005) Improvement in the welfare of broilers by changes to a mechanical unloading system. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 14 (2), 330-337.
  • Vecerek, V.; Grbalova, S.; Voslarova, E.; Janackova, B.; Malena, M. (2006) Effects of travel distance and the season of the year on death rates of broilers transported to poultry processing plants. Poultry Science, 85, 1881-1884.
  • Warriss, P.D., Bevis, E.A., Brown, S.N. and Edwards, J.E. (1992a) Longer journeys to processing plants are associated with higher mortality in broiler chickens. British Poultry Science 33, 201-206.
  • Watt Executive Guide to World Poultry Trends (2011) www.wattagnet.net (accessed Aug 2012)
  • Webster, A.J.F, Tuddenham, A., Saville, C.A. and Scott, G.A. (1992) Thermal Stress on Chickens in Transit. British Poultry Science, 34, 267-277.
  • Weeks, C.A., Webster, A.J.F. and Wyld, H.M. (1997) Vehicle design and thermal comfort of poultry in transit. British Poultry Science, 38, 464-474.
  • Zulkifli, I., Norma, M.T.C., Chong, C.H and Loh, T.C. (2000) Heterophil to lymphocyte ratio and tonic immobility reactions to preslaughter handling in broiler chickens treated with ascorbic acid. Poultry Science, 79, 402-406.

Czech

  • Voslarova, E., Janackova, B., Vecerek, V. and Malena, M. (2007) Počty uhynulých slepic a kohoutů při přepravě na porážku v letech 1997 až 2006 (Numbers of hens and roosters that died during transport to slaughter from 1997 to 2006). In Ochrana zvířat a welfare Conference Proceedings. Brno: VFU Brno, pp. 186-188.
  • Voslarova, E. and Vecerek, V. (2015) Vývoj úhynů nosnic při přepravě na jatky v ČR v období let 1997 – 2014. (Mortality of laying hens in association with their transport for slaughter in the period from 1997 to 2014). In Ochrana zvířat a welfare Conference Proceedings. Brno: VFU Brno, pp. 188-191.
  • Voslarova, E. and Vecerek, V. (2015) Vliv vzdálenosti a ročního období na úhyn brojlerů a nosnic při přepravě na porážku. (Impact of transport distance and season on mortality of broiler chickens and laying hens transported for slaughter). In Drůbež 2015 Conference Proceedings, Brno: VFU Brno, pp. 11. (abstract)

Nederlands

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